Scaphocephaly for a quick reading

Irina Suley Tirado Pérez, José Fernando Sequeda Monterroza, Karen Lucía Paternina Arrieta, Andrea Carolina Zárate

Abstract


Background: Craniosynostosis consists of partial or total premature closure of one ormore cranial sutures; And in the context of primary craniosynostosis, scaphocephaly or sagittal craniosynostosis is the most frequent and known form. 

Case report: A 6-month and 7-day-old male infant with a diagnosis of scaphochyma wasdescribed at the Napoleón Franco ParejaChildren´s Hospital (HINFP) in Cartagena Colombia.The patient seemed to be asymptomatic at the time of the consultation and thediagnosis was made with suggestive findings during the physical examination, taking intoaccount the head morphology and the performance of a computerized axial tomography of the skull. 

Discussion: Craniosynostosis presents with different clinical findings, depending on theextent and number of fused sutures. These range from aesthetic alterations to functionalsymptoms, such as increased cranial pressure, hydrocephalus, visual impairment andneuropsychiatric disorders. The treatment of craniosynostosis is surgical. This should bedone early, before the 12 months of age, in order to decompress and reshape the skull, as well as to decrease endocranial pressure preventingpatient´s vital development problems.


Keywords


Synostosis; craniosynostosis; skull

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DOI: 10.17081/innosa.4.1.2441

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Copyright (c) 2017 Irina Suley Tirado Pérez, José Fernando Sequeda Monterroza, Karen Lucía Paternina Arrieta, Andrea Carolina Zárate

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ISSN: 2344-8636