Epidemiology as a basis for curricular design of nursing in sexual and reproductive health of adolescents and young people

Main Article Content

Mercedes Rizo-Baeza
Manuel Velandia Mora
Ana Lucia Noreña
Ernesto Cortés-Castell

Keywords

Epidemiology, adolescent learning, nurse, sexual health, reproductive health, sexuality

Abstract

Background: The nurse training in subjects of the maternal and child area has as objectives of learning, the health of the child and adolescent, taking care of their needs, but the aspects of prevention of sexual and reproductive health in young people and adolescents are left aside.


Methods: The various nurse training programs in Spain have been reviewed, as well as the current epidemiological data in which it shows that these diseases and abortions and pregnancies have increased in young people and adolescents, a situation that has motivated the research team to raise the need for modify the nurse training program, taking into account the epidemiological needs that affect this population, training to prevent situations in these ages that may affect their physical and emotional health in relation to sexuality, sexual health and reproductive health.


Discussion: In our results of the needs detected in the bibliography and the contents of the curricula of the different nursing faculties are not in accordance with the epidemiological needs observed. It is proposed to define and extend the concept of health of the WHO, to adolescents and young people, since they have experiences of their own health to their environment, culture, political, economic and even moral conditions, which must be kept in mind at the time of offer training, prevention, assistance, emotional support and treatment.


Conclusion: It is necessary to investigate the knowledge that students have about these aspects and propose modifications in the curriculum according to the detected needs, the importance of training in prevention and in emotional aspects of the adolescent's nursing consultation.

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