El efecto de la desvinculación moral sobre el acoso escolar, el ciberacoso y otros comportamientos disruptivos en niños(as) y adolescentes. Una revisión de la literatura

The effect of moral disengagement on bullying, cyberbullying, and other disruptive behaviors in children and adolescents. A review of the literature

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17081/psico.25.48.5455

Palabras clave:

acoso escolar, ciberacoso, desconexión moral, justificación moral, atribución de culpa, tendencias prosociales.

Resumen

Introducción: Un creciente número de estudios han demostrado vínculos consistentes entre la teoría de la desvinculación moral de Bandura y los comportamientos disruptivos e inhumanos. Recientemente se han explorado las relaciones directas e indirectas de la desvinculación moral con el acoso escolar, el ciberacoso y otros comportamientos agresivos en niños(as) y adolescentes, lo cual amerita una revisión de los principales hallazgos.

Objetivo: Revisar la literatura y evidencia empírica sobre el efecto de la desvinculación moral en la participación de niños(as) y adolescentes en el acoso escolar, el ciberacoso y otros comportamientos agresivos.

Método: Se trató de un estudio de revisión documental. La búsqueda bibliográfica se efectuó en la Web of Science. Se incluyeron 45 estudios empíricos para el análisis.

Resultados: Se encontró que la desvinculación moral y sus diferentes estrategias sociocognitivas tienen efectos directos e indirectos que predicen la participación de niños(as) y adolescente en el acoso escolar, el ciberacoso, comportamientos agresivos y antisociales. Adicionalmente, la empatía, las relaciones de amistad, la crianza, las tendencias prosociales, la ira y los rasgos insensibles-no emocionales son factores que, en conjunto, contribuyen al desarrollo, mantenimiento o disminución de conductas de acoso y ciberacoso. También se reportó que los hombres presentan una mayor tendencia que las mujeres al acoso escolar, el ciberacoso, la agresión y uso de la desvinculación moral.


Conclusiones: Se señala la importancia de los procesos de cognición moral para el desarrollo de estrategias de intervención psicoeducativa y psicosocial destinadas a prevenir y reducir el acoso y ciberacoso en niños(as) y adolescentes.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citas

Akanni, O. O., Olashore, A. A., Osasona, S. O., & Uwadiae, E. (2020). Predictors of bullying reported by perpetrators in a sample of senior school students in Benin City, Nigeria. South African journal of psychiatry, 26(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v26i0.1359

Bakioğlu, F., & Çapan, B. E. (2019). Moral Disengagement and Cyber Bullying, A Mediator Role of Emphatic Tendency. International Journal of Technoethics, 10(2), 22 34. https://doi.org/10.4018/ijt.2019070102

Bandura, A. (1990). Selective Activation and Disengagement of Mora Control. Journal of Social Issues, 46 (1), 27-46. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560. 1990.tb00270.x

Bandura, A. (1999). Moral Disengagement in the Perpetration of Inhumanities. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3 (3), 193-209. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327957pspr0303_3

Bandura, A. (2002). Selective Moral Disengagement in the Exercise of Moral Agency. Journal of Moral Education, 31 (2), 101-119, https://doi.org/10.1080/0305724022014322

Bandura, A., Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., & Pastorelli, C. (1996). Mechanisms of moral disengagement in the exercise of moral agency. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(2), 364–374. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.71.2.364

Bandura, A., Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Pastorelli, C., & Regalia, C. (2001). Sociocognitive self-regulatory mechanisms governing transgressive behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(1), 125–135.

Bao, Z., Zhang, W., Lai, X., Sun, W., & Wang, Y. (2015). Parental attachment and Chinese adolescents’ delinquency: The mediating role of moral disengagement. Journal of Adolescence, 44, 37–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2015.06.002

Barchia, K., & Bussey, K. (2010). Individual and collective social cognitive influences on peer aggression: exploring the contribution of aggression efficacy, moral disengagement, and collective efficacy. Aggressive Behavior, 37(2), 107–120. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.20375

Barkoukis, V., Lazuras, L., Ourda, D., & Tsorbatzoudis, H. (2015). Tackling psychosocial risk factors for adolescent cyberbullying: Evidence from a school-based intervention. Aggressive Behavior, 42(2), 114–122. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21625

Bjärehed, M., Thornberg, R., Wänström, L., & Gini, G. (2019a). Individual Moral Disengagement and Bullying Among Swedish Fifth Graders: The Role of Collective Moral Disengagement and Pro-Bullying Behavior Within Classrooms. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260519860889

Bjärehed, M., Thornberg, R., Wänström, L., & Gini, G. (2019b). Mechanisms of Moral Disengagement and Their Associations With Indirect Bullying, Direct Bullying, and Pro-Aggressive Bystander Behavior. The Journal of Early Adolescence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431618824745

Bosa, M. R., Bohórquez, M. C. C., Olarte, C. F. P., & Malaver, J. K. S. (2018). Diferencias por sexo en la intimidación escolar y la resiliencia en adolescentes. Psicologia Escolar e Educacional, 22(3), 519–526. https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-35392018039914

Brailovskaia, J., Teismann, T., & Margraf, J. (2018). Cyberbullying, positive mental health and suicide ideation/behavior. Psychiatry Research, 267, 240–242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2018.05.074

Klomek, A., Marrocco, F., Kleinman, M., Schonfeld, I. S., & Gould, M. S. (2007). Bullying, Depression, and Suicidality in Adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(1), 40–49. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.chi.0000242237.84925.18

Bussey, K., Fitzpatrick, S., & Raman, A. (2014). The Role of Moral Disengagement and Self-Efficacy in Cyberbullying. Journal of School Violence, 14(1), 30–46. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2014.954045

Canchila, E., Hoyos, O., &Valega, S. (2018). Caracterización de los mecanismos de desconexión moral en escolares que asisten a una Institución Educativa pública del Departamento de Sucre, Colombia. Zona Próxima, 29, 23-31.

Caravita, S. C. S., Gini, G., & Pozzoli, T. (2012). Main and Moderated Effects of Moral Cognition and Status on Bullying and Defending. Aggressive Behavior, 38(6), 456–468. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21447

Caravita, S. C. S., Sijtsema, J. J., Rambaran, J. A., & Gini, G. (2013). Peer Influences on Moral Disengagement in Late Childhood and Early Adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(2), 193–207. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-013-9953-1

Cardwell, S. M., Piquero, A. R., Jennings, W. G., Copes, H., Schubert, C. A., & Mulvey, E. P. (2015). Variability in Moral Disengagement and Its Relation to Offending in a Sample of Serious Youthful Offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 42(8), 819–839. https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854814567472

Chen, L., Ho, S. S., & Lwin, M. O. (2016). A meta-analysis of factors predicting cyberbullying perpetration and victimization: From the social cognitive and media effects approach. New Media & Society, 19(8), 1194–1213. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444816634037

Chester, K. L., Callaghan, M., Cosma, A., Donnelly, P., Craig, W., Walsh, S., & Molcho, M. (2015). Cross-national time trends in bullying victimization in 33 countries among children aged 11, 13 and 15 from 2002 to 2010. The European Journal of Public Health, 25(suppl 2), 61–64. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckv029

Contreras, A. P. (2013). El fenómeno de bullying en Colombia. Revista Logos Ciencia & Tecnología, 4(2), 100-114 recuperado de https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/5177/517751544011.pdf

Cuadrado-Gordillo, I., & Fernández-Antelo, I. (2019). Analysis of Moral Disengagement as a Modulating Factor in Adolescents’ Perception of Cyberbullying. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01222

D'errico, F., & Paciello, M. (2018). Online Moral Disengagement and Hostile Emotions in Discussions on Hosting Immigrants. Internet Research, 1-23, https://doi.org/10.1108/IntR-03-2017-0119

Dhingra, K., Debowska, A., Sharratt, K., Hyland, P., & Kola-Palmer, S. (2015). Psychopathy, gang membership, and moral disengagement among juvenile offenders. Journal of Criminal Psychology, 5(1), 13–24. https://doi.org/10.1108/jcp-11-2014-0016

D’Urso, G., Petruccelli, I., & Pace, U. (2018). Drug Use as a Risk Factor of Moral Disengagement: A Study on Drug Traffickers and Offenders against Other Persons. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 25(3),417-424. https://doi.org/10.1080/13218719.2018.1437092

Falanga, R., De Caroli, M. E., & Sagone, E. (2009). Comportamenti ritenuti gravi dagli adolescenti e meccanismi di disimpegno morale. una ricerca empirica nel contesto catanese. International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology, 1(1), 303-312 Referenciado de http://infad.eu/RevistaINFAD/2009/n1/volumen1/INFAD_010121_303-312.pdf

Fernández-Antelo, I., & Cuadrado-Gordillo, I. (2019). Moral Disengagement as an Explanatory Factor of the Polyivictimization of Bullying and Cyberbullying. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(13), 2414. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132414

Fitzpatrick, S & Bussey, K. (2017). The role of moral disengagement on social bullying in dyadic very best friendships, Journal of School Violence, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2017.1355810

Fontaine, R. G., Fida, R., Paciello, M., Tisak, M. S., & Caprara, G. V. (2012). The mediating role of moral disengagement in the developmental course from peer rejection in adolescence to crime in early adulthood. Psychology, Crime & Law, 20(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316x.2012.719622

García-Maldonado, G., Joffre-Velázquez, V. M., Martínez-Salazar, G. J., & Llanes-Castillo, A. (2011). Ciberbullying: forma virtual de intimidación escolar. Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría, 40(1), 115–130. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0034-7450(14)60108-6

Gini, G. (2006). Social cognition and moral cognition in bullying: what’s wrong? Aggressive Behavior, 32(6), 528–539. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.20153

Gini, G., Pozzoli1, T., & Hymel, S. (2013). Moral Disengagement Among Children and Youth: A Meta‐Analytic Review of Links to Aggressive Behavior. Aggressive behavior, 40, 56–68. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21502

Gini, G., Pozzoli, T., & Bussey, K. (2014). The Role of Individual and Collective Moral Disengagement in Peer Aggression and Bystanding: A Multilevel Analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43(3), 441–452. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9920-7

Gómez-Ortiz, O., Romera, E. M., & Ortega-Ruiz, R. (2016). Parenting styles and bullying. The mediating role of parental psychological aggression and physical punishment. Child Abuse & Neglect, 51, 132–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.10.025

Gómez, A, S & Narváez, M. (2019). Mecanismos de desconexión moral y su relación con la empatía y la prosocialidad en adolescentes que han tenido experiencias delictivas. Revista de Psicología, 37 (2), 603-64. https://doi.org/10.18800/psico.201902.010

Gómez, A, S & Landinez, D. (2021). Moral disengagement mechanisms and its relationship with aggression and bullying behaviour among school children and youth at psychosocial risk, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties. https://doi.org/10.1080/13632752.2021.1945801

Gómez, A. S., & Carmona, P. A. (2021). Conciencia emocional y roles del bullying en un grupo de estudiantes pertenecientes a una institución educativa de la ciudad de Manizales. Tempus Psicológico, 4(2), 13-27. https://doi.org/10.30554/tempuspsi.4.2.3655.2021

Gómez, A. & Durán, N. (2021). Desconexión moral y diferencias de género en víctimas del conflicto armado, infractores de la ley y escolares. Revista Criminalidad, 63(1), 39-60

Gómez, A. S., Núñez, C., & Caballo, V. (en prensa). Mecanismos de Desconexión Moral, Diferencias de Sexo y Predictores Clínicos en Adolescentes: Un Estudio Exploratorio. Psykhe.

Haddock, A. D., & Jimerson, S. R. (2017). An Examination of Differences in Moral Disengagement and Empathy Among Bullying Participant Groups. Journal of Relationships Research, 8. https://doi.org/10.1017/jrr.2017.15

Herrera-López, M., Romera, E., & Ortega-Ruiz, R. (2017). Bullying y cyberbullying en Colombia; coocurrencia en adolescentes escolarizados. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 49(3), 163–172. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rlp.2016.08.001

Hoyos, B. (2000). Un modelo para la investigación documental. Medellín: Señal Editora.

Hyde, L. W., Shaw, D. S., & Moilanen, K. L. (2009). Developmental Precursors of Moral Disengagement and the Role of Moral Disengagement in the Development of Antisocial Behavior. J Abnorm Child Psychol, 38, 197–209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9358-5

Hymel, S., & Bonanno, R. A. (2014). Moral Disengagement Processes in Bullying. Theory Into Practice, 53(4), 278–285. https://doi.org/10.1080/00405841.2014.947219

Hymel, S., Rocke-Henderson, N., & Bonanno, R. A. (2005). Moral disengagement: A Framework for Understanding Bullying Among Adolescents. In O. Aluede, A. McEachern y M. Kenny (Eds.). Peer Victimization in Schools: An International Perspective (pp. 1-11). Canada. Guest Editors.

Kokkinos, C. M., & Kipritsi, E (2017). Bullying, moral disengagement and empathy: exploring the links among early adolescents. Educational Psychology, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/01443410.2017.1363376

Lazuras, L., Brighi, A., Barkoukis, V., Guarini, A., Tsorbatzoudis, H., & Genta, M. L. (2019). Moral Disengagement and Risk Prototypes in the Context of Adolescent Cyberbullying: Findings From Two Countries. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01823

Li, Q. (2006). Cyberbullying in Schools. School Psychology International, 27(2), 157–170. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034306064547

Mazzone, A., Camodeca, M., & Salmivalli, C. (2016). Interactive effects of guilt and moral disengagement on bullying, defending and outsider behavior. Journal of Moral Education, 45(4), 419–432. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057240.2016.1216399

Menesini, E., Codecasa, E, Bonelli, B., & Cowie, H. (2003a). Enhancing Children’s Responsibility to Take Action Against Bullying: Evaluation of a Befriending Intervention in Italian Middle Schools. Aggressive Behavior, 25, 1-25. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.80012

Menesini, E., Sanchez, V., Fonzi, A., Ortega, R., Costabile, A., & Lo Feudo, G. (2003b). Moral emotions and bullying: A cross-national comparison of differences between bullies, victims and outsiders. Aggressive Behavior, 29(6), 515–530. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.10060

Menesini, E., Nocentini, A., Palladino, B. E., Frisén, A., Berne, S., Ortega-Ruiz, R., … Smith, P. K. (2012). Cyberbullying Definition Among Adolescents: A Comparison Across Six European Countries. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15(9), 455–463. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2012.0040

Mesa, W. J. (2012). Las TIC como herramientas potenciadoras de equidad, pertinencia e inclusión educativa. Trilogía Ciencia Tecnología Sociedad, 4(7), 61-77. https://doi.org/10.22430/21457778.153

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., Altman, D. G., & Group, P. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS medicine, 6(7), e1000097. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pmed.1000097

Moore, C. (2015) Moral disengagement. Current Opinion in Psychology, (6), 199-204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.07.018

Obermann, M. L. (2011). Moral disengagement in self-reported and peer-nominated school bullying. Aggressive Behavior, 37(2), 133–144. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.20378

Olweus, D. (2013). School Bullying: Development and Some Important Challenges. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 9(1), 751–780. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050212-185516

Paciello, M., Muratori, P., Ruglioni, L., Milone, A., Buonanno, C., Capo, R., … Barcaccia, B. (2016). Personal Values and Moral Disengagement Promote Aggressive and Rule-Breaking Behaviours in Adolescents with Disruptive Behaviour Disorders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 61(1), 46–63. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624x15589593

Paciello, M., Tramontano, C., Nocentini, A., Fida, R., & Menesini, E. (2019). The Role of Traditional and Online Moral Disengagement on Cyberbullying: Do Externalising Problems Make Any Difference? Computers in Human Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.09.024

Perren, S., & Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger, E. (2012). Cyberbullying and traditional bullying in adolescence: Differential roles of moral disengagement, moral emotions, and moral values. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9(2), 195–209.

Petruccelli, I., Simonelli, C., Barbaranelli, C., Grilli, S., Tripodi, M. F., & D’Urso, G. (2016). Moral Disengagement Strategies in Sex Offenders. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 24(3), 470–480. https://doi.org/10.1080/13218719.2016.1252291

Pornari, C. D., & Wood, J. (2009). Peer and cyber aggression in secondary school students: the role of moral disengagement, hostile attribution bias, and outcome expectancies. Aggressive Behavior, 36(2), 81–94. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.20336

Pozzoli, T., Gini, G., & Vieno, A. (2012). Individual and Class Moral Disengagement in Bullying Among Elementary School Children. Aggressive Behavior, 38(5), 378–388. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21442

Richaud, M. C., & Mesurado, B. (2016). Empathy in adolescence [Positive emotions and empathy as promotors of prosocial behavior and inhibitors of aggressive behavior. Acción Psicológica, 3(2), 31–42. https://doi.org/10.5944/ap.13.2.17808

Robson, C., & Witenberg, R. T. (2013). The Influence of Moral Disengagement, Morally Based Self-Esteem, Age, and Gender on Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying. Journal of School Violence, 12(2), 211–231. https://doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2012.762921

Rubio-Garay, F., Amor, P. J., & Carrasco, M. A. (2019). The Contribution of Moral Disengagement to Dating Violence and General Aggression: The Gender and Age Moderating Effects. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 22. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2019.57

Runions, K. C., & Bak, M. (2015). Online Moral Disengagement, Cyberbullying, and Cyber-Aggression. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 18(7), 400–405. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2014.0670

Salmivalli, C. (2010). Bullying and the peer group: A review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 15(2), 112–120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2009.08.007

Shulman, E. P., Cauffman, E., & Piquero, A. R., (2011). Moral Disengagement Among Serious Juvenile Offenders: A Longitudinal Study of the Relations Between Morally Disengaged Attitudes and Offending. Developmental Psychology, 47 (6), 1619 –1632. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025404

Sijtsema, J. J., Rambaran, J. A., Caravita, S. C. S., & Gini, G. (2014). Friendship selection and influence in bullying and defending: Effects of moral disengagement. Developmental Psychology, 50(8), 2093–2104. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037145

Slonje, R., & Smith, P. K. (2008). Cyberbullying: Another main type of bullying? Scandinavian. Journal of Psychology, 49(2), 147–154. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2007.00611.x

Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49(4), 376–385. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2007.01846.x

Sutton, J., & Smith, P. K. (1999). Bullying as a group process: An adaptation of the participant role approach. Aggressive Behavior, 25(2), 97–111. https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1098-2337(1999)25:2<97::aid-ab3>3.0.co;2-7

Thornberg, R., & Jungert, T. (2013). School bullying and the mechanisms of moral disengagement. Aggressive Behavior, 40(2), 99–108. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21509

Thornberg, R., Pozzoli, T., Gini, G., & Jungert, T. (2015). Unique and Interactive Effects of Moral Emotions and Moral Disengagement on Bullying and Defending among School Children. The Elementary School Journal, 116(2), 322–337. https://doi.org/10.1086/683985

UNESCO. (2019). Organización de las naciones unidas para la educación, la ciencia y la cultura. Recuperado de https://es.unesco.org/news/violencia-y-acoso-escolares-son-problema-mundial-segun-nuevo-informe-unesco

Van Noorden, T. H. J., Haselager, G. J. T., Cillessen, A. H. N., & Bukowski, W. M. (2013). Dehumanization in children: The link with moral disengagement in bullying and victimization. Aggressive Behavior, 40(4), 320–328. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21522

Walters, G. D. (2017). Callous-unemotional traits and moral disengagement as antecedents to the peer influence effect: moderation or mediation? Journal of Crime and Justice, 41(3), 259–275. https://doi.org/10.1080/0735648x.2017.1284688

Wang, C., Ryoo, J. H., Swearer, S. M., Turner, R., & Goldberg, T. S. (2016a). Longitudinal Relationships between Bullying and Moral Disengagement among Adolescents. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(6), 1304–1317. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0577-0

Wang, X., Lei, L., Liu, D., & Hu, H. (2016b). Moderating effects of moral reasoning and gender in the relationship between moral disconnection and cyber bullying in adolescents. Personality and individual differences, 98, 244–249. https://doi.org/10.1016 / j.paid.2016.04.056

Wang X., Yang L., Yang J., Wang P; & Lei L. (2017). Trait anger and cyberbullying among young adults: A moderated mediation model of moral disengagement and moral identity. Computers in Human Behavior, 1-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2017.03.073

Wang, X., Yang, J., Wang, P., & Lei, L. (2019a). Childhood maltreatment, moral disengagement, and adolescents’ cyberbullying perpetration: Fathers’ and mothers’ moral disengagement as moderators. Computers in Human Behavior, 95, 48–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2019.01.031

Wang, X., Zhao, F., Yang, J., & Lei, L. (2019b). School Climate and Adolescents’ Cyberbullying Perpetration: A Moderated Mediation Model of Moral Disengagement and Friends’ Moral Identity. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260519860089

Zhou, Y., Zheng, W., & Gao, X. (2018). The relationship between the big five and cyberbullying among college students: the mediating effect of moral disengagement. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-0005-6

Zych, I., & Llorent, V. J. (2018). Affective Empathy and Moral Disengagement Related to Late Adolescent Bullying Perpetration. Ethics & Behavior, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1080/10508422.2018.1521282

Descargas

Publicado

2022-08-31

Cómo citar

Gómez-Tabare, A. S., & Correa Duque, M. C. (2022). El efecto de la desvinculación moral sobre el acoso escolar, el ciberacoso y otros comportamientos disruptivos en niños(as) y adolescentes. Una revisión de la literatura: The effect of moral disengagement on bullying, cyberbullying, and other disruptive behaviors in children and adolescents. A review of the literature. Psicogente, 25(48). https://doi.org/10.17081/psico.25.48.5455