Relationship between organizational culture and school performance. A study in elementary, middle and high school institutions



Palabras clave:

Cultural strength, Cultural typologies, Organizational culture, School culture, School effectiveness


Purpose: This study aims to analyze the impact of organizational culture, cultural types, and cultural strength on school effectiveness, as the literature has demonstrated that social processes within schools influence academic outcomes. Prior research highlights the significance of culture in school effectiveness. However, this topic has not been extensively explored, necessitating a closer examination of various organizational cultures and the strength of these cultures. Method: These relationships were investigated using the population of schools in the Colombian coffee region. A total of 698 instructors, along with school boards from 25 educational institutions at the primary, middle, and high school levels, were involved. A regression analysis was conducted to test the hypotheses. Results: The findings suggest that organizational culture and cultural strength have a significant influence on school effectiveness, with the levels of cultural strength corresponding to the levels of school effectiveness. However, no evidence was found of differences in impact based on cultural typology. Clan and hierarchical cultures, which have an internal orientation and are the most prevalent in Colombian organizations, exhibited a greater number of positive and significant relationships. Conclusions: School boards should familiarize themselves with the norms, values, and customs prevalent in educational institutions, particularly those that align most closely with their objectives. This can lead to improvements in school effectiveness and, consequently, educational quality.


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Biografía del autor/a

José A. Gonzáles Cardona , Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales, Colombia.

Electrical engineer. MBA Master of Administration. National university of Colombia. Manizales Headquarters. He has worked as a teacher in the education secretariat of the municipality of Pereira (Caldas). His main research activity is in the area of Organizational Culture

Julia Naranjo Valencia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Manizales, Colombia.

Senior lecturer of the National University of Colombia, Campus Manizales. Ph.D. in Business Sciences from the University of Murcia. Senior Researcher at Minciencias. Coordinator of the Organizational Culture and Human Management Group. Her primary research activities focus on areas such as Innovation, Organizational Culture, Human Resources, and Entrepreneurship. She has published her research in journals including European Management Review, Management Decision, International Journal of Innovation Management, Journal of Knowledge Management, Creativity and Innovation Management, Human Resource Development Quarterly, Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, Innovar, and Dyna.

Gregorio Calderón Hernández, Universidad de Manizales, Manizales, Colombia.

Senior lecturer of the University of Manizales. Professor emeritus of the National University of Colombia. Ph.D in Business Administration and Management Pablo de Olavide University – Seville. Emeritus researcher of Minciencias. His main research activity is in the areas of human management, organizational culture and innovation. He has published his research in journals such as: Journal of Intellectual Capital, Human Resource Development Quarterly, International Journal of Innovation Management, International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, Academy of Strategic Management, Journal and Handbook of Research on Intrapreneurship and Organizational Sustainability, Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change, Quality & Quantity, Innovar and Dyna.


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Cómo citar

Gonzáles Cardona , J. A., Naranjo Valencia, J., & Calderón Hernández, G. (2023). Relationship between organizational culture and school performance. A study in elementary, middle and high school institutions. Desarrollo Gerencial, 15(2), 1–25.