Biochips, aplicaciones convencionales e innovación: Una revisión documental

Contenido principal de artículos

William Fernando Rodríguez Sarmiento
Juan Sebastián Vargas Vélez https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0940-0137

Palabras clave

Biochips, optimización, algoritmos, herramientas, aplicaciones médicas, biomedicina

Resumen


Objetivo: Analizar las tendencias de la aplicación convencional de los biochips, para lo cual se realizó una revisión documental en torno a las tendencias en la creación de biochips a partir de una búsqueda y análisis de los trabajos publicados desde el año 2012 hasta el 2017 en la base de datos de la National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Resultados: Se encontró que las tendencias en la creación de biochips se han configurado como una innovación relativamente nueva en el campo de la Ingeniería Bioinformática aplicada en otras áreas, y en particular la medicina, para el tratamiento y diagnóstico de enfermedades como el cáncer. Asimismo, se encontró que desde la química y la genética se han desarrollado materiales para la fabricación de los biochips, haciéndolos biocompatibles para el organismo humano. Conclusiones: El desarrollo de nuevas tecnologías, usando biochips para la detección y monitoreo de enfermedades, permite la creación de tratamientos más efectivos y puntuales en pro de la salud y la calidad de vida. Así se evitan, además, complicaciones futuras de los pacientes, dado que su implementación sugiere una técnica menos traumática e invasiva.


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