Déficit de Memoria Operativa en los Trastornos del Neurodesarrollo (Working memory deficits in neurodevelopmental disorders)

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Xochitl Delgado Mckay
Maryoris Zapata Zabala

Keywords

Memoria operativa, Trastornos del neurodesarrollo, Memoria, Memoria de corto plazo, Neurodesarrollo, Trastornos

Resumen

Resumen: 

El presente artículo es una revisión sistemática que busca presentar el estado actual de este proceso cognitivo en los diferentes trastornos del neurodesarrollo, se retomó el constructo de memoria operativa de Baddeley y Hitch (1974), teniendo en cuenta su desarrollo, los sistemas que lo componen y las diferentes funciones que realiza este proceso cognitivo en el ser humano.

Seguido de esto se continúa con la presentación de los diferentes trastornos del neurodesarrollo según el Manual Diagnóstico y Estadístico de los Trastornos Mentales y la prevalencia de estos en Colombia. Por último, se analizará la memoria operativa en cada trastorno del neurodesarrollo, cuáles son los componentes más afectados en cada uno de ellos y las posibles causas que se ven asociadas a la alteración.

Abstract

This review paper aims to show the current status of the cognitive domain in different neurodevelopmental disorders. As the working memory temporarily stores information to achieve shortterm and immediate objectives, we are going to use the working memory construct by Baddeley and Hitch taking into account, its development, different systems and functions related to the cognitive process of the human being. Furthermore, we will submit different neurodevelopmental disorders based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders data and its prevalence in Colombia. Lastly, the working memory in each neurodevelopmental disorders, explaining which components are affected the most and the possible causes for such alterations will be analyzed.

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