Diseño y validación de instrumento para medir el compromiso académico en estudiantes universitarios mexicanos

Design and validation of an instrument to assess academic engagement in Mexican university students

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17081/psico.25.48.5094

Palabras clave:

compromiso académico, rendimiento académico, cuestionario psicométrico, estudiantes universitarios, psicometría.

Resumen

Objetivo: Diseñar y validar un cuestionario para medir el compromiso académico en una población universitaria mexicana.

Método: Se realizó un estudio de tipo instrumental donde participaron 362 estudiantes, el 70,1 % eran mujeres y el 29,9 % eran hombres, ambos grupos con una edad media de 20 años (DT = 2,7), que fueran estudiantes universitarios mexicanos. Se utilizó un Análisis Factorial Exploratorio (AFE) mediante el método de extracción mínimos cuadrados ponderados y rotación oblicua, y Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio (AFC) mediante ecuaciones estructurales.

Resultados: Se obtuvo una estructura pentafactorial siendo estas involucramiento, rendimiento, reforzadores, interacción socioeducativa y resiliencia, explicando el 47,87 % de la varianza. La consistencia interna del instrumento estimada con el coeficiente de Alfa de Cronbach (α = 0,82), obteniendo parámetros de ajuste adecuados: CFI = 0,942, GFI = 0,939, AGFI = 0,920, PGFI = 0,716, RMSEA = 0,34.

Discusión: El cuestionario de compromiso académico para población universitaria mexicana muestra propiedades psicométricas adecuadas, considerando factores como el involucramiento en el estudio, el rendimiento donde el alumno demuestra sus capacidades y habilidades académicas, los reforzadores que motivan al alumno en sus estudios, la valoración positiva del desempeño futuro que tendrá el alumno como profesional y la resiliencia del alumno para llevar a cabo sus tareas escolares ante situaciones estresantes. 

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Publicado

2022-08-08

Cómo citar

Mora Romo, J. F., & Martell-Muñoz, J. (2022). Diseño y validación de instrumento para medir el compromiso académico en estudiantes universitarios mexicanos: Design and validation of an instrument to assess academic engagement in Mexican university students. Psicogente, 25(48), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.17081/psico.25.48.5094