Characterization of the psychosocial risk factors that affect Major depressive disorder in adolescents

Main Article Content

Jimmy Larios
Carmen Laborde
Mary Sánchez
Gladis Gaviria
Gloria Lastre

Keywords

Higher depressive disorder, psychological adjustment, adolescent, self-image.

Abstract

Background: Depression is the mental disorder that affects the population and is also a major cause of disability in the world has become an increasingly common factor in the population, particularly in adolescents; a stage in life that has been considered risk to suffer depression.


Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study, with a population of 120 teenage students from 12 to 19 years, a representative sample of 84 students was chosen, they were excluded those who did not meet the inclusion criteria for a total of 77 students. Underwent a semi structured survey designed for this purpose and are applied S.Q.R test for depression, Rosenberg test for self-esteem, Cage test for alcohol abuse and family APGAR for family functioning.   


Discussion: 19.5% with a presumptive diagnosis of depressive disorder, of which 60% have low self-esteem, 80% belong to a dysfunctional family and 20% consume alcohol was found.


Conclusion: as predisposing psychosocial factors are low self-esteem and belonging to a dysfunctional family but need further studies to determine the level of association of these factors with the presumptive diagnosis of depression in school adolescents.

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