Revisando el constructo articulación trabajo-familia: entre el conflicto y el enriquecimiento Revisando el constructo articulación trabajo-familia: entre el conflicto y el enriquecimiento

Contenido principal de artículos

Sebastián Gabini https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0997-1423

Palabras clave

articulación trabajo-familia, conflicto trabajo-familia, enriquecimiento trabajo-familia, mecanismos de vinculación

Resumen

Objetivo: El presente artículo de revisión tuvo como objetivo proporcionar una puesta al día acerca de la teoría e investigación sobre articulación trabajo-familia.



Método: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de artículos a texto completo correspondiente a los últimos cinco años (2011-2016) en bases de datos definidas como Grupo 1 (calidad AAA) por el Conicet, utilizando los descriptores: articulación trabajo-familia, conflicto trabajo-familia, enriquecimiento trabajo-familia. Luego de delimitar los resultados en función de determinados criterios de selección, se trabajó con un total de 54 artículos.



Resultados: La revisión realizada permitió sistematizar los principales mecanismos de vinculación de la interfase trabajo-familia, sus dimensiones constitutivas, las variables antecedentes y consecuentes, así como los instrumentos de medición desarrollados para evaluarla. De la misma surge que la literatura sobre el constructo ha estado dominada por la perspectiva del conflicto. A su vez, la inexistencia de un marco teórico integrador para el aspecto positivo de la articulación trabajo-familia ha dificultado las investigaciones
en el área.



Conclusiones: La naturaleza del fenómeno debe ser investigada a partir de la evaluación conjunta de ambos aspectos de la articulación trabajo-familia. Futuras investigaciones podrían avanzar hacia una tipología que incorpore las diversas combinaciones de CTF y ETF, ampliar los alcances del modelo para verificar su validez  transcultural y validar instrumentos con adecuadas propiedades psicométricas para tales fines.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.
Abstract 132 | PDF COMPLETO Downloads 82

Referencias

Adams, G. A., King, L. A., & King, D. W. (1996). Relationships of job and family
involvement, family social support, and work-family conflict with job and
life satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(4), 411-420. http://dx.doi.
org/10.1037/0021-9010.81.4.411
Akram, H., Malik, N. I., Nadeem, M., & Atta, M. (2014). Work-family enrichment as predictors of work outcomes among teachers. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences, 8(3), 733-743. Recovered http://www.jespk.net/publications/205.pdf

Allen, T. D., French, K. A., Dumani, S., & Shockley, K. M. (2015). Meta-analysis of work-family conflict mean differences: Does national context matter? Journal of Vocational Behavior, 90, 90-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2015.07.006

Allen, T. D., Johnson, R. C., Kiburz, K. M., & Shockley, K. M. (2013). Work-family conflict and flexible work arrangements: Deconstructing flexibility. Personnel Psychology, 66(2), 345-376. https://doi.org/10.1111/peps.12012

Amstad, F. T., Meier, L. L., Fasel, U., Elfering, A., & Semmer, N. K. (2011). A meta-analysis of work-family conflict and various outcomes with a special emphasis on crossdomain versus matching-domain relations. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 16(2), 151-169. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21280939

Ashforth, B. E., Kreiner, G. E., & Fugate, M. (2000). All in a day’s work: Boundaries and micro role transitions. Academy of Management Review, 25(3), 472-491. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2000.3363315

Ato, M., López, J. J., & Benavente, A. (2013). Un sistema de clasificación de los diseños de investigación en psicología. Anales de Psicología, 29(3), 1038-1059. http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.29.3.178511

Bagherzadeh, R., Taghizadeh, Z., Mohammadi, E., Kazemnejad, A., Pourreza, A., & Ebadi, A. (2016). Relationship of work-family conflict with burnout and marital satisfaction: Cross-domain or source attribution relations? Health Promotion Perspectives, 6(1), 31-36. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27123434

Bakker, A. B., & Geurts, S. A. (2004). Toward a dual-process model of work-home interference. Work and occupations, 31(3), 345-366. https://doi.org/10.1177/0730888404266349

Baral, R., & Bhargava, S. (2010). Work-family enrichment as a mediator between organizational interventions for work-life balance and job outcomes. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 25(3), 274-300. https://doi.org/10.1108/02683941011023749

Bass, B. L., & Grzywacz, J. G. (2011). Job adequacy and work-family balance: Looking at jobs as a whole. Journal of Family Issues, 32(3), 317-345. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X10384215

Beauregard, T. A. (2014). Fairness perceptions of work-life balance initiatives: Effects on counterproductive work behaviour. British Journal of Management, 25(4), 772-789. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8551.12052

Boyar, S. L., Carson, C. M., Mosley Jr, D. C., Maertz Jr, C. P., & Pearson, A. W. (2006). Assessment of the validity of Netemeyer et al.’s (1996) WFC and FWC scales. International Journal of Conflict Management, 17(1), 34-44. https://doi.org/10.1108/10444060610734163

Brougham, D., Haar, J., & Roche, M. (2015). Work-family enrichment, collectivism, and workplace cultural outcomes: A study of New Zealand Maori. New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, 40(1), 19-34. Recovered http://hdl.handle.net/10289/9933

Buonocore, F., & Russo, M. (2013). Reducing the effects of work-family conflict on job satisfaction: The kind of commitment matters. Human Resource Management Journal, 23(1), 91-108. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2011.00187.x

Burke, R. J., & Greenglass, E. (1987). Work and family. In C. L. Cooper & I. T. Robertson (Eds.). International review of industrial and organizational psychology (273-320). New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Burke, R. J., Koyuncu, M., & Fiksenb, L. (2013). Antecedents and consequences of work-family conflict and family-work conflict among frontline employees in Turkish hotels. IUP Journal of Management Research, 12(4), 39-55. Recovered https://ssrn.com/abstract=2445250

Carlson, D. S., Hunter, E. M., Ferguson, M., & Whitten, D. (2014). Work-family enrichment and satisfaction mediating processes and relative impact of originating and receiving domains. Journal of Management, 40(3), 845-865. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206311414429

Carlson, D. S., Kacmar, K. M., & Williams, L. J. (2000). Construction and initial validation of a multidimensional measure of work-family conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56(2), 249-276. https://doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1999.1713

Carlson, D. S., Kacmar, K. M., Wayne, J. H., & Grzywacz, J. G. (2006). Measuring the positive side of the work-family interface: Development and validation of a work-family enrichment scale. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 68(1), 131-164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2005.02.002

Carlson, D. S., Kacmar, K. M., Zivnuska, S., Ferguson, M., & Whitten, D. (2011). Work-family enrichment and job performance: A constructive replication of affective events theory. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 16(3), 297-312. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0022880

Carvalho, V. S., & Chambel, M. J. (2014). Work-to-family enrichment and employees’ well-being: High performance work system and job characteristics. Social Indicators Research, 119(1), 373-387. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-013-0475-8

Carvalho, V. S., & Chambel, M. J. (2016). Work-to-family enrichment and conflict profiles: job characteristics and employees’ well-being. The Spanish Journal of Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1017/sjp.2016.63

Champoux, J. E. (1978). Perceptions of work and nonwork: A reexamination of the compensatory and spillover models. Work and Occupations, 5(4), 402-422. https://doi.org/10.1177/073088847800500402

Chan, X. W., Kalliath, T., Brough, P., Siu, O. L., O’Driscoll, M. P., & Timms, C. (2016). Work-family enrichment and satisfaction: The mediating role of self-efficacy and work-life balance. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(15), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2015.1075574

Chen, I. H., Brown, R., Bowers, B. J., & Chang, W. Y. (2015). Work?to?family conflict as a mediator of the relationship between job satisfaction and turnover intention. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 71(10), 2350-2363. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.12706

Chernyak-Hai, L., & Tziner, A. (2016). The “I believe” and the “I invest” of work-family balance: The indirect influences of personal values and work engagement via perceived organizational climate and workplace burnout. Revista de Psicología del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones, 32(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rpto.2015.11.004

Clark, S. C. (2000). Work/family border theory: A new theory of work/family balance. Human Relations, 53(6), 747-770. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018726700536001

Cohen, A., & Kirchmeyer, C. (1995). A multidimensional approach to the relation between organizational commitment and nonwork participation. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 46(2), 189-202. https://doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1995.1012

Cooklin, A. R., Westrupp, E., Strazdins, L., Giallo, R., Martin, A., & Nicholson, J. M. (2015). Mothers’ work-family conflict and enrichment: Associations with parenting quality and couple relationship. Child: Care, Health and Development, 41(2), 266-277. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12137

Crain, T. L., & Hammer, L. B. (2013). Work-family enrichment: A systematic review of antecedents, outcomes, and mechanisms. In Arnold B. Bakker (Ed.). Advances in Positive Organizational Psychology (303-328). Howard House, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Daniel, S., & Sonnentag, S. (2016). Crossing the borders: The relationship between boundary management, work-family enrichment and job satisfaction. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(4), 407-426. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2015.1020826

Demerouti, E., & Geurts, S. (2004). Towards a typology of work-home interaction. Community, Work & Family, 7(3), 285-309. https://doi.org/10.1080/1366880042000295727

Edwards, J. R., & Rothbard, N. P. (2000). Mechanisms linking work and family: Clarifying the relationship between work and family constructs. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 178-199. https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.2000.2791609

Frone, M. R. (2003). Work-family balance. In J. C. Quick & L. E. Tetrick (Eds.). Handbook of occupational health psychology (pp. 143-162). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Gabardo-Martins, L. M. D., Ferreira, M. C., & Valentini, F. (2016). Evidências de validade da Escala de Enriquecimento Trabalho-Família em amostras brasileiras. Revista Psicologia-Teoria e Prática, 18(1), 100-112. http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/pdf/ptp/v18n1/08.pdf

Gabini, S. (2017). Interacción trabajo-familia: Adaptación y validación de un instrumento para medirla. Revista da UIIPS, 5(5), 24-32. Recuperado de http://ojs.ipsantarem.pt/index.php/REVUIIPS/article/view/438

Geurts, S. A., Taris, T. W., Kompier, M. A., Dikkers, J. S., Van Hooff, M. L., & Kinnunen, U. M. (2005). Work-home interaction from a work psychological perspective: Development and validation of a new questionnaire, the SWING. Work & Stress, 19(4), 319-339.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02678370500410208

Ghislieri, C., Gatti, P., Molino, M., & Cortese, C. G. (2017). Work-family conflict and enrichment in nurses: Between job demands, perceived organisational support and work-family backlash. Journal of Nursing Management, 25(1), 65-75. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12442

Greenhaus, J. H., & Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of Management Review, 10(1), 76-88. https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.1985.4277352

Greenhaus, J. H., & Powell, G. N. (2006). When work and family are allies: A theory of work-family enrichment. Academy of Management Review, 31(1), 72-92. https://doi.org/10.5465/AMR.2006.19379625

Grzywacz, J. G., & Bass, B. L. (2003). Work, family, and mental health: Testing different models of work?family fit. Journal of Marriage and Family, 65(1), 248-261. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2003.00248.x

Grzywacz, J. G., & Marks, N. F. (2000). Reconceptualizing the work-family interface: An ecological perspective on the correlates of positive and negative spillover between work and family. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 5(1),111-126. http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.phpscript=sci_nlinks&ref=000147&pid=S0121-5469201500010001200024&lng=en

Hakanen, J., & Peeters, M. (2015). How do work engagement, workaholism, and the work-to-family interface affect each other? A 7-year follow up study. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 57(6), 601-609. http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.phpscript=sci_nlinks&ref=000147&pid=S0121-5469201500010001200024&lng=en

Jaga, A., & Bagraim, J. (2011). The relationship between work-family enrichment and work-family satisfaction outcomes. South African Journal of Psychology, 41(1), 52-62. https://doi.org/10.1177/008124631104100106

Jijena-Michel, R. D., & Jijena-Michel, C. E. (2015). El rol moderador de la flexibilidad del horario de trabajo en la relación del enriquecimiento trabajo-familia y la satisfacción docente. Horizontes Empresariales, 10(2), 41-56. Recuperado de http://revistas.ubiobio.cl/index.php/HHEE/article/view/2018

Kacmar, K. M., Crawford, W. S., Carlson, D. S., Ferguson, M., & Whitten, D. (2014). A short and valid measure of work-family enrichment. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 19(1), 32-45. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24447219

Kirchmeyer, C. (1995). Managing the work-nonwork boundary: An assessment of organizational responses. Human Relations, 48(5), 515-536. https://doi.org/10.1177/001872679504800504

Korabik, K., & Warner, M. (2013). The impact of co-workers on work-to-family enrichment and organizational outcomes. In S. Poelmans, J. Greenhaus, & M. Las Heras Maestro (Eds.). Expanding the Boundaries of Work-Family Research (pp.254-276). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Leineweber, C., Baltzer, M., Hanson, L. L. M., & Westerlund, H. (2013). Work-family conflict and health in Swedish working women and men: A 2-year prospective analysis. The European Journal of Public Health, 23(4), 710-716. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cks064

Lim, D. H., Song, J. H., & Choi, M. (2012). Work-family interface: Effect of enrichment and conflict on job performance of Korean workers. Journal of Management & Organization, 18(03), 383-397. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1833367200000869

Lingard, H. C., Francis, V., & Turner, M. (2010). Work-family enrichment in the Australian construction industry: Implications for job design. Construction Management and Economics, 28(5), 467-480. https://doi.org/10.1080/01446190903511268

Lo Presti, A., & Mauno, S. (2016). Are support and control beneficial stress buffers in the presence of work-family barriers? Findings from Italy. International Journal of Stress Management, 23(1), 44-64. https://www.academia.edu/24723225/A_short_valid_predictive_measure_of_work_family_conflict_Item_selection_and_ scale_validation

Lourel, M., Gana, K., & Wawrzyniak, S. (2005). Home-work interaction: A French adaptation and validation of “Survey Work-Home Interaction Nijmegen”(SWING). Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations, 11(4), 227-239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pto.2005.10.003

Matthews, R. A., Kath, L. M., & Barnes-Farrell, J. L. (2010). A short, valid, predictive measure of work-family conflict: Item selection and scale validation. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 15(1), 75-90. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017443

Matthews, R. A., Swody, C. A., & Barnes?Farrell, J. L. (2012). Work hours and work-family conflict: The double?edged sword of involvement in work and family. Stress and Health, 28(3), 234-247. https://doi.org/10.1002/smi.1431/full

Mauno, S., De Cuyper, N., Kinnunen, U., Ruokolainen, M., Rantanen, J., & Mäkikangas, A. (2015). The prospective effects of work-family conflict and enrichment on job exhaustion and turnover intentions: Comparing long-term temporary vs. permanent workers across three waves. Work & Stress, 29(1), 75-94. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2014.1003997

Mauno, S., Kinnunen, U., & Rantanen, M. (2011). Work-family conflict and enrichment and perceived health: Does type of family matter? Family Science, 2(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/19424620.2011.585908

Mauno, S., Kinnunen, U., Rantanen, J., Feldt, T., & Rantanen, M. (2012). Relationships of work-family coping strategies with work-family conflict and enrichment: The roles of gender and parenting status. Family Science, 3(2), 109-125. https://doi.org/10.1080/19424620.2012.707618

McNall, L. A., Masuda, A. D., Shanock, L. R., & Nicklin, J. M. (2011). Interaction of core self-evaluations and perceived organizational support on
work-to-family enrichment. The Journal of Psychology, 145(2), 133-149. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223980.2010.542506

McNall, L. A., Nicklin, J. M., & Masuda, A. D. (2010). A meta-analytic review of the consequences associated with work-family enrichment. Journal of Business and Psychology, 25(3), 381-396. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-009-9141-1

McNall, L. A., Scott, L. D., & Nicklin, J. M. (2015). Do positive affectivity and boundary preferences matter for work-family enrichment? A study of human service workers. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 20(1), 93-104. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038165

Michel, J. S., & Clark, M. A. (2009). Has it been affect all along? A test of work-tofamily and family-to-work models of conflict, enrichment, and satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 163-168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2009.02.015

Michel, J. S., Kotrba, L. M., Mitchelson, J. K., Clark, M. A., & Baltes, B. B. (2011). Antecedents of work-family conflict: A meta?analytic review. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 32(5), 689-725. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.695/full

Moazami-Goodarzi, A., Nurmi, J. E., Mauno, S., & Rantanen, J. (2015). Cross-lagged relations between work-family enrichment, vigor at work, and core self-evaluations: A three-wave study. Journal of Business and Psychology, 30(3), 473-482. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-014-9376-3

Moreno Jiménez, B., Sanz Vergel, A. I., Rodríguez Muñoz, A., & Geurts, S. (2009). Propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del Cuestionario de Interacción Trabajo-Familia (SWING). Psicothema, 21(2), 331-337. Recuperado de https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/id/eprint/49328

Morf, M. (1989). The work/life dichotomy. Westport, CT: Quorum. Netemeyer, R. G., Boles, J. S., & McMurrian, R. (1996). Development and validation of work-family conflict and family-work conflict scales. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81(4), 400-410.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.81.4.400

Nicklin, J. M., & McNall, L. A. (2013). Work-family enrichment, support, and satisfaction: A test of mediation. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 22(1), 67-77. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2011.616652

Odle-Dusseau, H. N., Hammer, L. B., Crain, T. L., & Bodner, T. E. (2016). The influence of family-supportive supervisor training on employee job performance and attitudes: An organizational work-family intervention. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 21(3), 296-308. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039961

O’Driscoll, M. P., Ilgen, D. R., & Hildreth, K. (1992). Time devoted to job and off-job activities, interrole conflict, and affective experiences. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77(3), 272-279. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1076-8998.7.2.99

Omar, A., Urteaga, F., & Salessi, S. (2015). Propiedades psicométricas de la Escala de Enriquecimiento Trabajo-Familia para la población argentina. Revista de Psicología, 24(2), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.5354/0719-0581.2015.37689

Padhi, M., & Pattnaik, S. (2013). A typology of work family research: Perspectives from literature. Vilakshan: The XIMB Journal of Management, 10(2), 83-98. Recovered http://hib.xub.edu.in/Hibiscus/Pub/faccvDet.php?client=xu&facid=XUF2072

Perestelo-Pérez, L. (2013). Standards on how to develop and report systematic reviews in Psychology and Health. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 13(1), 49-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1697-2600(13)70007-3

Piotrkowski, C. S. (1979). Work and the family system. USA: Free Press; Collier Macmillan.

Powell, G. N., & Greenhaus, J. H. (2010). Sex, gender, and decisions at the family? work interface. Journal of Management, 36(4), 1011-1039. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206309350774

Rantanen, J., Kinnunen, U., Mauno, S., & Tement, S. (2013). Patterns of conflict and enrichment in work-family balance: A three-dimensional typology. Work & Stress, 27(2), 141-163. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678373.2013.791074

Rantanen, J., Kinnunen, U., Mauno, S., & Tillemann, K. (2011). Introducing theoretical approaches to work-life balance and testing a new typology among professionals. In S. Kaiser, M. J. Ringlstetter, D. R. Eikhof, & M. P. Cunha. Creating Balance? (27-46). Berlin: Springer.

Rastogi, M., Rangnekar, S., & Rastogi, R. (2016). Flexibility as a predictor of work-family enrichment. Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, 17(1), 5-14.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270330275_Benefits_of_Multiple_Roles_for_Managerial_Women

Romeo, M., Berger, R., Yepes-Baldó, M., & Ramos, B. (2014). Adaptación y validación de la versión española de la “Survey Work-Home Interaction-NijmeGen” (SWING) en países hispanohablantes. Anales de Psicología, 30(1), 287-293. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.1.148291

Ruderman, M. N., Ohlott, P. J., Panzer, K., & King, S. N. (2002). Benefits of multiple roles for managerial women. Academy of Management Journal, 45(2), 369-386. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/270330275_Benefits_of_Multiple_Roles_for_Managerial_Women

Ruppanner, L. (2013). Conflict between work and family: An investigation of four policy measures. Social Indicators Research, 110(1), 327-347. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-011-9933-3

Salehi, P., Rasdi, R. M., & Ahmad, A. (2015). Personal and environmental predictors of academics’ work-to-family enrichment at research universities. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 24(2), 379-388. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-014-0190-5

Scott, K. L., Ingram, A., Zagenczyk, T. J., & Shoss, M. K. (2015). Work-family conflict and social undermining behaviour: An examination of PO fit and gender differences. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88(1), 203-218. https://doi.org/10.1111/joop.12091

Staines, G. L. (1980). Spillover versus compensation: A review of the literature on the relationship between work and nonwork. Human Relations, 33(2), 111-129. https://doi.org/10.1177/001872678003300203

Tement, S., Korunka, C., & Pfifer, A. (2010). Toward the assessment of the work-family interface: Validation of the Slovenian versions of work-family conflict and work-family enrichment scales. Horizons of Psychology, 19, 53-74. Recovered
http://psiholoska-obzorja.si/arhiv_clanki/2010_3/tement_et_al.pdf

Ten Brummelhuis, L. L., & Bakker, A. B. (2012). A resource perspective on the work-home interface: The work-home resources model. American Psychologist, 67(7), 545-556. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22506688

Tiedje, L. B., Wortman, C. B., Downey, G., Emmons, C., Biernat, M., & Lang, R. (1990). Women with multiple roles: Role-compatibility perceptions, satisfaction, and mental health. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 52, 63-72. Recovered https://www.jstor.org/stable/352838

Timms, C., Brough, P., O’Driscoll, M., Kalliath, T., Siu, O. L., Sit, C., & Lo, D. (2015). Positive pathways to engaging workers: work-family enrichment as a predictor of work engagement. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 53(4), 490-510.
https://doi.org/10.1111/1744-7941.12066/full

Van Steenbergen, E. F., Kluwer, E. S., & Karney, B. R. (2014). Work-family enrichment, work-family conflict, and marital satisfaction: A dyadic analysis. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 19(2), 182-194. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036011

Voydanoff, P. (2004). Implications of work and community demands and resources for work-to-family conflict and facilitation. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 9(4), 275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1076-8998.9.4.275

Wang, M. L., & Tsai, L. J. (2014). Work-family conflict and job performance in nurses: the moderating effects of social support. Journal of Nursing Research, 22(3), 200-207. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24730427

Wayne, J. H., Casper, W. J., Matthews, R. A., & Allen, T. D. (2013). Family-supportive organization perceptions and organizational commitment: The mediating role of work-family conflict and enrichment and partner attitudes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(4), 606-622. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23565896

Wayne, J. H., Randel, A. E., & Stevens, J. (2006). The role of identity and work-family support in work-family enrichment and its work-related consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69, 445-461 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2006.07.002

Wille, B., De Fruyt, F., & Feys, M. (2013). Big five traits and intrinsic success in the new career era: A 15?Year longitudinal study on employability and work-family conflict. Applied Psychology, 62(1), 124-156. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2012.00516.x

Zhang, H., Yip, P. S., Chi, P., Chan, K., Cheung, Y. T., & Zhang, X. (2012). Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Work-Family Balance Scale in an urban Chinese sample. Social Indicators Research, 105(3), 409-418. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-010-9776-3