Adaptación al español de cuatro instrumentos para evaluar la teoría de la mente en niños y adolescentes Adaptación al español de cuatro instrumentos para evaluar la teoría de la mente en niños y adolescentes

Contenido principal de artículos

Wilmar Pineda-Alhucema
Rosmira Rubio
Edith T. Aristizábal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0495-8190
Julio Ossa https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3079-3318

Palabras clave

teoría de la mente, cognición social, faux pas, test de la mirada, evaluación, niños, adolescentes

Resumen

Introducción: La teoría de la mente (ToM) es una de las dimensiones de la Cognición Social más relevantes y de gran interés para la investigación en psicología del desarrollo, psicología cognitiva, neuropsicología y neurociencias sociales, así como en la labor clínica. Esto ha conllevado a la generación de instrumentos validados para la evaluación de esta función; sin embargo, en español son pocos los que hay y aún menos los adaptados para población infantil y adolescente.


Objetivo: En el presente trabajo se presenta la adaptación de la Batería de la ToM, el inventario de la ToM, el Test de Paso en Falso y el Test de la Mirada, cuatro instrumentos con tareas clásicas para evaluar la ToM.


Método: El proceso de adaptación se hizo en dos fases, una de traducción al español y otra de adaptación cultural. Para verificar los resultados se hizo un pilotaje para todos los instrumentos con 20 participantes en edades entre 4 y 13 años y 20 participantes entre 6 y 17 años.


Resultados: Se presentan los cuatro instrumentos adaptados en español con los principales ajustes en cada uno de ellos.


Discusión: Se discute sobre la importancia de generar un protocolo de valoración de la ToM haciendo una validación estadística de estos instrumentos.

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