This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Do parks´ characteristics promote a differential usage based on children and adolescents' gender?
Corresponding Author(s) : Diana Camargo
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud,
Background: The availability and quality of park infrastructure have an important role in the use and active behavior of children and adolescents.
Methods: Between August and December 2015, ten public parks were selected in Bucaramanga (Colombia). Quality was assessed using the Physical Activity Resource Assessment - PARA; the number of users by sex and age group was determined through the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities - SOPARC. Infrastructure characteristics were measured by photogrammetry with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV Ebee) and a TLS - RIEGL VZ-400 terrestrial laser scanner. The associations were explored with c2 tests and Spearman correlation coefficients.
Results: In 17671 observations made, men visited more the parks (65.3%), especially between 3:00 and 7:00 p.m., with more children during the weekend and adolescents during the week. Low quality percentages were observed in the parks (25% -49%). The availability of green areas, trees, park area and quality of accessibility were positively associated with the visit of adolescent women.
Conclusion: The characteristics of the built environment are associated with the number of users differentially by age group and gender, which is useful information for urban planners and decision makers for the renovation and generation of public space related to parks.
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)
- Biddle SJH, Asare M. Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: A review of reviews. Br J Sports Med. 2011;45(11):886–95. DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2011-090185
- Poitras VJ, Gray CE, Borghese MM, Carson V, Chaput J-P, Janssen I, et al. Systematic review of the relationships between objectively measured physical activity and health indicators in school-aged children and youth. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab [Internet]. 2016 Jun;41(6 (Suppl. 3)):S197–239. DOI: 10.1139/apnm-2015-0663
- Sallis JF, Bull F, Guthold R, Heath GW, Inoue S, Kelly P, et al. Progress in physical activity over the Olympic quadrennium. Lancet [Internet]. 2016;388(10051):1325–36. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30581-5
- Pereira JR, Cliff DP, Sousa-Sá E, Zhang Z, Santos R. Prevalence of objectively measured sedentary behavior in early years: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Scand J Med Sci Sport. 2019;29(3):308–28. DOI: 10.1111/sms.13339
- Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar. Encuesta Nacional de Situación Nutricional (ENSIN). 2015.
- Sallis JF, Cervero RB, Ascher W, Henderson KA, Kraft MK, Kerr J. An ecological approach to creating active living communities. Annu Rev Public Health. 2006;27:297–322. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.publhealth.27.021405.102100
- República de Colombia, Consejo Nacional de Política Económica y Social. C o n p e s Política Nacional de Espacio Público [Internet]. 2012. Disponible en: https://www.dnp.gov.co/Paginas/PageNotFoundError.aspx?requestUrl=https://www.dnp.gov.co/LinkClick.aspx
- Bedimo Rung A, Mowen AJ, Cohen D. The Significance of Parks to Physical Activity and. Am J Prev Med. 2005;28(2S2):159 168. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.10.024
- Edwards N, Hooper P, Knuiman M, Foster S, Giles-Corti B. Associations between park features
- and adolescent park use for physical activity. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2015;12(1):1–10. Disponible en: https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12966-015-0178-4
- Mertens L, Van Cauwenberg J, Veitch J, Deforche B, Van Dyck D. Differences in park characteristic preferences for visitation and physical activity among adolescents: A latent class analysis. PLoS One. 2019;14(3):1–16. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0212920
- Ding D, Sallis JF, Kerr J, Lee S, Rosenberg DE. Neighborhood environment and physical activity among youth: A review. Am J Prev Med [Internet]. 2011;41(4):442–55. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.06.036
- Kirsten Krahnstoever Davison*1 and Catherine T Lawson. Do attributes in the physical environment influence children’s physical activity? A review of the literature. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006;4:61–71. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-3-19
- Floyd MF, Bocarro JN, Smith WR, Baran PK, Moore RC, Cosco NG, et al. Park-based physical activity among children and adolescents. Am J Prev Med [Internet]. 2011 Sep [cited 2013 Aug 13];41(3):258–65. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.04.013
- Sami M, Smith M, Ogunseitan OA. Changes in physical activity after installation of a fitness zone in a Community Park. Prev Chronic Dis. 2018;15(8):1–9. DOI: 10.5888/pcd15.170560
- Oreskovic NM, Perrin JM, Robinson AI, Locascio JJ, Blossom J, Chen ML, et al. Adolescents’ use of the built environment for physical activity. BMC Public Health. 2015;15(1):1–9. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-015-1596-6
- Graziose MM, Gray HL, Quinn J, Rundle AG, Contento IR, Koch PA. Association between the built environment in school neighborhoods with physical activity among New York City children, 2012. Prev Chronic Dis. 2016;13(8):1–11. DOI: 10.5888/pcd13.150581
- Camargo DM, Ramírez PC, Quiroga V, Ríos P, Férmino RC, Sarmiento OL. Physical activity in public parks of high and low socioeconomic status in Colombia using observational methods. J Phys Act Heal. 2018;15(8):581–91. DOI: 10.1123/jpah.2017-0318
- Kaczynski AT, Henderson K a. Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity: A Review of Evidence about Parks and Recreation. Leis Sci [Internet]. 2007 Jul [cited 2013 Aug 19];29(4):315–54. Disponible en: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01490400701394865
- Camargo DM, Ramírez PC, Quiroga V, Porras H BM. Bucaramanga al Parque. Actividad física y parques en Bucaramanga, caracterización y factores relacionados con su uso. 1st ed. Universidad Industrial de Santander., editor. Bucaramanga, Colombia: Universidad Industrial de Santander; 2018. 87 p.
- Lee RE, Booth KM, Reese-Smith JY, Regan G, Howard HH. The Physical Activity Resource Assessment (PARA) instrument: Evaluating features, amenities and incivilities of physical activity resources in urban neighborhoods. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2005;2:1–9. DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-2-13
- Ramirez PC, Camargo DM, Quiroga V, Rios AP, Fermino RC, Sarmiento OL. Quality of public urban parks for physical activity practice in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Brazilian J Kinanthropometry Hum Perform [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2017 Nov 20];19(4):480. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1980-00372017000400480&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
- Derose KP, Han B, Williamson S, Cohen DA. Gender Disparities in Park Use and Physical Activity among Residents of High-Poverty Neighborhoods in Los Angeles. Women’s Heal Issues [Internet]. 2018;28(1):6–13. DOI: 10.1016/j.whi.2017.11.003
- Messiah SE, D’Agostino EM, Hansen E, Mathew MS, Okeke D, Nardi M, et al. Longitudinal Impact of a Park-Based Afterschool Healthy Weight Program on Modifiable Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Youth. J Community Health. 2018;43(1):103–16. DOI: 10.1007/s10900-017-0393-9
- Van Hecke L, Ghekiere A, Veitch J, Van Dyck D, Van Cauwenberg J, Clarys P, et al. Public open space characteristics influencing adolescents’ use and physical activity: A systematic literature review of qualitative and quantitative studies. Heal Place. 2018;51(July 2017):158–73. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.03.008
- Veitch J, Salmon J, Parker K, Bangay S, Deforche B, Timperio A. Adolescents’ ratings of features of parks that encourage park visitation and physical activity. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act [Internet]. 2016;13(1):1–10. DOI: 10.1186/s12966-016-0391-9
- Roemmich JN, Johnson LA, Oberg G, Beeler JE, Ufholz KE. Youth and adult visitation and physical activity intensity at rural and urban parks. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15(8). DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15081760